Podcast Ep 23: Multiple Sclerosis, SIRS, BRUEs, Pericarditis, & More

May 3, 2017

We aim above the mark to hit the mark.

-Ralph Waldo Emerson
Welcome back to Episode 23! It was great running into a few listeners at CORD last week and hearing your feedback. This week, we start off with an OB/GYN related pharmacology review before jumping into the new material. Hope you enjoy!

  • Cervicitis is treated with ceftriaxone 250 mg IM and azithromycin 1 g PO.
  • Bacterial vaginosis is treated with metronidazole twice daily for 7 days.
  • Oxytocin or the prostaglandins can both be used in cases of maternal hemorrhage after delivery.

Now onto this week’s podcast

Question 1

A 16-year-old man presents to the ED complaining of 3 days of nasal rhinorrhea, cough, myalgias, and generalized malaise. After a coughing episode yesterday, he developed pleuritic chest pain radiating to the left neck. His vital signs are BP 130/70 mm Hg, HR 76, RR 16, T 36.6°C, and pulse oximetry 98% on room air. You obtain the chest radiograph seen above. Which of the following is the most appropriate next step in management?

A. Discharge home with close followup

B. Endoscopy

C. Needle decompression

D. Tube thoracostomy

Question 2

A 17-year-old man with no past medical history presents complaining of constant chest pain for 5 days. He states that he had a cold 2 weeks ago and feels like he never got better. His vitals are T 36.8°C, HR 91, BP 122/75, RR 18, and oxygen saturation 99%. A 12-lead ECG is performed as seen above. What is the appropriate immediate management for this patient?

A. Aspirin 325 mg and activation of the cardiac catheterization lab

B. Azithromycin 500 mg by mouth, followed by 250 mg once a day for 4 days 

C. Ibuprofen and prompt followup with his primary care doctor 

D. Serum dDimer test

Teaching Image

Question 3

An 84-year-old woman with new-onset altered mental status is sent to the ED from her assisted living facility. According to the facility staff, she has had a productive cough for two days. Her vital signs are blood pressure 90/60 mm Hg, heart rate 92 beats per minute, respiratory rate 25 breaths per minute, temperature 38.3°C, and oxygen saturation 95% on room air. Laboratory results reveal a WBC of 11,000. A chest radiograph shows a right lower lobe infiltrate. Which aspect of this patient’s presentation is consistent with systemic inflammatory response syndrome?

A. Blood pressure

B. Heart rate

C. Infiltrate on chest radiograph

D. White blood cell count

Teaching Image

Question 4

A 27-year-old woman presents with a complaint of transient vision loss in her right eye. She states that she has had multiple similar episodes in the past 6 months. She also complains of incomplete bladder emptying, intermittent tremors and intermittent weakness in her left arm. The patient has a family history of multiple sclerosis. Which of the following is the best diagnostic test for the suspected diagnosis?

A. CSF testing for myelin basic protein

B. CT scan of the spine


D. Serum oligoclonal bands

Teaching Image

Question 5

Which of the symptoms are most suggestive of Ramsay Hunt syndrome?

A. Bilateral petechiae of the palate

B. Ear pain, facial paralysis, hearing loss

C. Lymphangitis with thrombus formation in the internal jugular vein

D. Photophobia and unilateral thoracic vesicular rash

Teaching Image

Question 6

A father brings his 2-week-old newborn to the ED after a gagging episode at home where the infant “turned blue.” The newborn was sleeping in his father’s arms when he started choking, turned blue, and went limp. The father turned the baby over, did 5 back blows, and performed CPR for 5 minutes until the newborn started crying. On exam, the newborn appears sleepy but is easily arousable. Vital signs are HR 160, RR 30, T 37.6°C, and pulse oximetry is 99% on room air. Which of the following is the next best step in management?

A. Admit to hospital for further workup

B. Endotracheal intubation

C. Epinephrine (1:10 000) IV

D. Send home with reassurance

So that wraps up Episode 23.  Don’t forget to subscribe so Roshcast episodes are downloaded automatically as they are released. Follow us on Twitter @Roshcast for updates, high-yield images, and pearls in 140 characters or less. We’ll also be at SAEM in two weeks, so feel free to pull us aside and let us know what you think.  We are constantly striving to make Roshcast as high yield as possible and welcome all feedback!

Until next time,
Jeff and Nachi

By Nachi Gupta, M.D., Ph.D., and Megha Rajpal, M.D.

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