Questions

Just like the actual exam

Questions are aligned with the American Board of Internal Medicine & American Board of Pediatrics formats. Authored & peer-reviewed by faculty, clinicians, and program directors.

Each question is written to resemble the format and topics on the exam, meaning you won’t see any negatively phrased questions, no “all of the following except,” no “A and B”…you know what we mean. Most importantly, all questions include selective distractors (incorrect answer choices), which will help you think critically.

  • Must address important content
  • Must be well structured

Question

A 74-year-old woman with a history of polymyalgia rheumatica and hyperlipidemia presents to the emergency department with crushing substernal chest pain. Her ECG demonstrates ST elevations in leads I, aVL, V2–V3, and V5–V6, with reciprocal ST depression in II, III, and aVF. She is taken emergently to cardiac catheterization, where a drug-eluting stent is placed in her left anterior descending artery. She is started on aspirin 81 mg, clopidogrel 75 mg, and metoprolol succinate 25 mg daily. Her home medication, simvastatin 10 mg, has been changed to atorvastatin 40 mg daily. She is also on prednisone 5 mg daily for her history of polymyalgia rheumatica. Echocardiogram on hospital day 2 demonstrates a left ventricular ejection fraction of 55% and no wall motion abnormalities. Her vital signs are currently stable. What is the best medication to prescribe next in the management of this patient?

A Digoxin 0.125 mg daily
B Pantoprazole 40 mg daily
C Rivaroxaban 2.5 mg twice daily
D Sacubitril-valsartan 24 mg/26 mg daily

Starting the patient on pantoprazole 40 mg daily is the best management at this time. This patient with an ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) status post percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) will need to be on dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel to reduce the risk of stent thrombosis. Gastrointestinal bleeding is the most common serious bleeding complication from using dual antiplatelet therapy. Prophylactic therapy with proton pump inhibitors is recommended for all patients with high risk for GI bleeding after PCI. This includes patients with a history of peptic ulcer disease or GI bleeding or at least two of the following risk factors: age > 65, concurrent use of another NSAID, treatment with glucocorticoids or anticoagulants, or history of Helicobacter pylori infection. Given this patient’s age > 65 and concurrent use of glucocorticoids, the best next medication to prescribe is a proton pump inhibitor. Furthermore, the use of pantoprazole is preferred over omeprazole with clopidogrel usage due to decreased inhibition of cytochrome P450 2C19.

Prescribing digoxin 0.125 mg daily (A) would be incorrect, as this woman has a preserved ejection fraction following her STEMI and is on appropriate initial medical therapy. Giving rivaroxaban 2.5 mg twice daily (C) would further increase her bleeding risk and is not currently indicated. This patient has a preserved ejection fraction following her STEMI and has no current indication for sacubitril-valsartan 24 mg/26 mg daily (D).


Explanations

Written with a purpose

Understanding why an answer choice is incorrect is just as important as knowing why one is correct. That’s why every Rosh Review question includes detailed explanations for the correct and incorrect answer choices. These comprehensive summaries link the most important components of a topic—from risk factors to diagnostics and treatment—giving you the context to build relationships between them.

  • Created for optimal learning and recall
  • Help reinforce your knowledge
  • Focus on the essential information

Illustrations

Created to enhance learning

Custom illustrations and tables help further clarify the core concepts. When information is presented visually, you can focus on meaning, easily reorganize and group similar ideas, and make better use of your memory.

Proton pump inhibitor mechanism

Powerful Analytics

Track progress, performance, & predictions

Your personal analytics allow you to see your progress at all times, so you can create an efficient and effective learning strategy and stay on pace with your plan.

Focus your learning

Deep insights to determine your strengths and weaknesses so you can spend your time on the subjects that matter.

Compare with your peers (chart)

Compare with your peers

Discover how your answer choices align with those selected by learners across the country.

Find out your probability of passing

Using data generated by previous users, your Qbank gives a prediction of how likely you are to pass your exam.


One Step Further

Taking your learning to the next level

After each explanation is a straightforward question with a simple, memorizable answer that reinforces the corresponding topic.

  • Strengthens your knowledge
  • Stands alone from the main explanation so you’re not rereading content

Q: What is the recommended duration of dual antiplatelet therapy in patients with average bleeding risk and average risk of recurrent ischemia?

REVEAL ANSWER

A: 6–12 months of dual antiplatelet therapy.

I scored the highest raw score in my program’s history. Big thanks to everyone at Rosh Review. Y’all rock.

FAQs

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Who writes the questions and explanations?
The finest people around! Question writers are board-certified clinicians who have all performed well on their certification exams. Answer explanations are derived from the specialty’s authoritative resources with some personal input to simplify the material and synthesize it for greatest comprehension and recall.

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